Bourdaloue, Louis

(1632-1704)
   preacher
   Born in Bourges, Louis Bourdaloue, after becoming a Jesuit, began his career as a preacher in 1666. He came to Paris in 1669 and gained notoriety at the royal court, where he often preached during Lent and Advent (from 1670 to 1693). After the revocation of the Edict of nantes (1685), he was sent by King louis XIV to teach new converts in Languedoc; after 1696, he devoted himself essentially to works of charity. The most popular French preacher of the 17th century, Bourdaloue struck his audiences with his exacting moral tone and the austere style of his sermons. Taking a rigorous stance and using meticulous psychological analyses, he did not hesitate to critique sins or faults in the "personal" portraits of his subjects (Sermon sur la médisance, in which he evokes blaise pascal; the allusion to the Grand arnauld in Sermon sur la sévérité chrétienne, to jean-baptiste molière and Tartuffe in his Sermon sur l'hypocrisie). His Sermons et oeuvres diverses (posthumous, 1707-34) were reprinted in an edition of 1822-26.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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